The 4 causes of male infertility

Male infertility can be caused due to many reason and almost 30 percent of the infertility causes in couples are due to male infertility. These can range from lifestyle choices to psychological issues which are the causes of male infertility.

An image showing the cause of male infertility and semen production

The 4 causes of male infertility

Physical abnormalities in the reproductive organ

Physical abnormalities can cause irregular flow of sperm from the testes to the penis, and low production of sperm.

Up to 15 percent male suffer from varicocele, one of the causes of male infertility, where in the internal spermatic veins end up blocking blood drainage from the testicle to the abdomen. This can cause low sperm count formation, which can be only fixed by surgery to fix the symptom. Around 7 percent male suffer from impaired sperm ducts due to genetic defect.

An abnormality in the bladder can cause a male individual to have retrograde ejaculation, this condition ejaculates semen in the bladder causing a low ejaculation volume.

Some men also face premature ejaculation, where in a male is unable to control is ejaculation within 30 seconds of his penetration in the female reproductive organ.

Lifestyle Choices

Lifestyle choices such as excessive alcohol binging, smoking, usage of drugs such anabolic steroids, poor Vitamin C and over stress can cause low levels of testosterones level in the mle body further causing low levels of sperm density.

Psychological issues

It can be difficult to co-related physical issues with psychological issues as male infertility can be caused by both of them. A large population of men suffer with Erectile Dysfunction also know as ED which about almost 20 million men in the U.S. Certain Psychological issues such as anxiety, low confidence and guilt can be the cause of ED along with other physical issue such as disproportionate hormone and high blood pressure.

Hormonal Imbalance

Hormonal Imbalance is a severe cause of male infertility. The hormones control the production of sperms in the testes, which is regulated through the hypothalamus and pituitary gland.

Hypothyroidism, is related to reduced thyroid hormone levels which degrade the quality of sperm and libido. One of the treatment is to have a lower Iodine intake.

The pituitary gland secretion of FSH and LH is required for sperm production. Low FSH and LH production by the pituitary, known as hypogonadotropic hypopituitarism causes a steady loss of the male germ cells such as seminiferous tubules and Leydig cells.

A very high FSH and LH in blood show that the testes have stopped regulating the sperm development which is associated with low libido and low testosterone levels.

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